Theories of labour welfare

Theories of labour welfare

Theories of labour welfare

1. Police theory

  • This is based on the contention that a minimum standard of welfare is necessary for labours.
  • This theory assumes that unless there is a sanction, an employer will not provide labour welfare spontaneously. the state should pass the law-making obligatory for the employer to provide labour welfare.


  • This established the importance of welfare state without a state, system cannot work.


  • Welfare is providing because of fear or force of the law…

2. Religious theory

  • This theory is based on the concept that man is essentially a religious animal.
  • It is assumed that doing good work, the help of the poor is essential for a better life in the next birth. By doing good for labour you are making an investment in the next life.


  • Import of western culture on Indian culture. Where the interest comes we forgot all religious purposes.

3. Philanthropic theory

  • This theory is based on men’s love for mankind in Greek, fellow means love of an Anthropos means mens philanthropic means loving mankind.


  • The first theory of the state that an employer provides labour welfare spontaneously.


  • this concept is illusionary, imaginary, unrealistic, impracticable.

4. Trusteeship theory / Gandhian theory

  • Also called the paternalistic theory.
  • According to this the industrialist for employers hold the total industrial estate properties and profits. these properties, he uses for himself, for the benefit of the workers, and also for society.


  • Exploring good sentiment.
  • It is voluntary.
  • It is promoting harmony.


  • Non-practicable.
  • Non-legal sanction behind it.

5. Placating theory

  • this theory is based on the fact that labour groups are becoming more militant and are conscious of their rights and privileges than ever before.


  • they are trying to remove this content for this satisfaction of the workers, so that cooperation is sought.


  • Welfare is provided out of fear so, there is no element of sincerity.

6. Public relations theory

  • this theory provides the basis for an atmosphere of goodwill between labour and management and also between management and the public.

7. Functional theory

  • Also called efficiency theory
  • here welfare work is used as a means to secure, treasure, and develop the efficiency and productivity of labour.
Based on Napoleon concept:

if you want to win the battle, feet were the army. Dare for a person who is running the industry must take off all the needs of the worker.

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